Alternative Sources of Natural Rubber

The EU is 8% of world production of natural rubber latex, and …. Figure 1 The global production of synthetic rubber and natural period ….

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Alternative Sources of Natural Rubber

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…iii
  • 1 INTRODUCTION…7
  • 2 NATURAL RUBBER PRODUCTION…10
  • 2.1 Natural rubber…10
  • 2.2 Hevea rubber market and applications…10
  • 2.3 Rubberwood…12
  • 2.4 Biological threats to natural rubber production…12
  • 2.5 Economic threats to natural rubber production from Hevea…13
  • 3 GUAYULE AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF NATURAL RUBBER…15
  • 3.1 Introduction…15
  • 3.2 Advantages of guayule rubber…17
  • 3.3 Guayule breeding…17
  • 3.4 Guayule molecular genetics and genetic engineering20
  • 3.5 Guayule agronomy…21
  • 3.5.1 Introduction…21
  • 3.5.2 Guayule plant establishment…22
  • 3.5.3 Irrigation, fertilisation and pest control…25
  • 3.5.4 Harvesting, baling and transport…26
  • 3.5.5 Yields of guayule cultivation…28
  • 3.6 Processing of guayule rubber…31
  • 3.6.1 Introduction…31
  • 3.6.2 Processing of guayule for latex production…31
  • 3.6.3 Solvent processing…32
  • 3.6.4 Alternative processing methods…35
  • 3.6.5 By-products…35
  • 4 ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF NATURAL RUBBER…38
  • 4.1 Introduction…38
  • 4.2 Russian dandelion…38
  • 4.3 Goldenrod…40
  • 4.4 Other plant sources of natural rubber…40
  • 5 ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC COMPARISON OF RUBBER PRODUCTION…42
  • 5.1 Cultivation and harvesting of guayule…42
  • 5.2 Natural rubber processing…43
  • 5.3 Life-cycle analysis of natural rubber…44
  • 6 EPOBIO RECOMMENDATIONS…45
  • 6.1 Research and development needs…46
  • 7 REFERENCES…48
  • 8 INSTITUTIONS, ORGANISATIONS AND PERSONS CONTACTED…57
  • APPENDIX 1 GUAYULE CULTIVATION MANUAL…58
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