Nanotechnology White Paper

Nanotechnology Working Group to a white paper examines the potential development … It is with pleasure that we offer EPA Nanotechnology White Paper ….

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EPA Nanotechnology White Paper
Table of Contents

  • FOREWORD … VIII
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS… IX
  • ACRONYMS…X
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY … 1
  • 1.0 INTRODUCTION …4
  • 1.1 PURPOSE …4
  • 1.2 NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINED …5
  • 1.3 WHY NANOTECHNOLOGY IS IMPORTANT TO EPA…13
  • 1.4 NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT…14
  • 1.5 WHAT EPA IS DOING WITH RESPECT TO NANOTECHNOLOGY …18
  • 1.6 OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES…21
  • 2.0 ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY …22
  • 2.1 INTRODUCTION …22
  • 2.2 BENEFITS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS…22
  • 2.3 BENEFITS THROUGH OTHER APPLICATIONS THAT SUPPORT SUSTAINABILITY …24
  • 3.0 RISK ASSESSMENT OF NANOMATERIALS…29
  • 3.1 INTRODUCTION …29
  • 3.2 CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOMATERIALS …31
  • 3.3 ENVIRONMENTAL FATE OF NANOMATERIALS…32
  • 3.4 ENVIRONMENTAL DETECTION AND ANALYSIS OF NANOMATERIALS …40
  • 3.5 HUMAN EXPOSURES AND THEIR MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL …42
  • 3.6 HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS OF NANOMATERIALS…52
  • 3.7 ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF NANOMATERIALS…58
  • 4.0 RESPONSIBLE DEVELOPMENT …63
  • 4.1 RESPONSIBLE DEVELOPMENT OF NANOSCALE MATERIALS …63
  • 4.2 PROGRAM AREAS…65
  • 4.3 ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP …68
  • 5.0 EPA’S RESEARCH NEEDS FOR NANOMATERIALS …70
  • 5.1 RESEARCH NEEDS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS …70
  • 5.2 RESEARCH NEEDS FOR RISK ASSESSMENT…72
  • 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS …82
  • 6.1 RESEARCH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS …82
  • 6.2 RESEARCH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RISK ASSESSMENT…83
  • 6.3 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP…89
  • 6.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COLLABORATIONS…90
  • 6.5 RECOMMENDATION TO CONVENE AN INTRA-AGENCY WORKGROUP…91
  • 6.6 RECOMMENDATION FOR TRAINING…91
  • 6.7 SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS …92
  • 7.0 REFERENCES …93
  • APPENDIX A: GLOSSARY OF NANOTECHNOLOGY TERMS …107
  • APPENDIX B: PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP BEHAVIOR…110
  • APPENDIX C: EPA’S NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH FRAMEWORK…111
  • APPENDIX D: EPA STAR GRANTS FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY …113
  • APPENDIX E: LIST OF NANOTECHNOLOGY WHITE PAPER EXTERNAL PEER REVIEWERS AND THEIR AFFILIATIONS …119

 

Download Nanotechnology White Paper pdf from www.epa.gov, 136 pages, 4227.93KB.
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