Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. … colorectal cancer, it is useful to know something about colorectal cancer ….

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Colorectal Cancer
What is cancer?
What is colorectal cancer?
The normal digestive system
Abnormal growths in the colon or rectum
Adenomatous polyps (adenomas)
Hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps
Start and spread of colorectal cancer
Types of cancer in the colon and rectum
Carcinoid tumors
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs)
The remainder of this document focuses only on adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum.
What are the key statistics about colorectal cancer?
What are the risk factors for colorectal cancer?
Personal history of colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer
Personal history of inflammatory bowel disease
Family history of colorectal cancer
Inherited syndromes
Hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC)
Racial and ethnic background
Lifestyle-related factors
Certain types of diets
Physical inactivity
Heavy alcohol use
Type 2 diabetes
Factors with uncertain, controversial, or unproven effects on colorectal cancer
Night shift work
Previous treatment for certain cancers
Do we know what causes colorectal cancer?
Can colorectal cancer be prevented?
Genetic testing, screening, and treatment for those with a strong family history
Diet, exercise, and body weight
Vitamins, calcium, and magnesium
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Can colorectal polyps and cancer be found early?
Colorectal cancer screening tests
Tests that can find both colorectal polyps and cancer
Flexible sigmoidoscopy
Double-contrast barium enema
American Cancer Society recommendations for colorectal cancer early detection
How is colorectal cancer diagnosed?
Signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer
Medical history and physical exam
Blood tests
Tests to look for colorectal polyps or cancer
Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
How is colorectal cancer staged?
Comparison of AJCC, Dukes, and Astler-Coller stages
What are the survival rates for colorectal cancer by stage?
Survival rates for colon cancer by stage
Survival rates for rectal cancer by stage
Making treatment decisions
Side effects of colorectal surgery
Radiation therapy
How is chemotherapy given?
When is chemotherapy used?
Drugs used to treat colorectal cancer
Side effects of chemotherapy
Targeted therapies
Clinical trials
Complementary and alternative therapies
What exactly are complementary and alternative therapies?
Recurrent colon cancer
Treatment by stage of rectal cancer
Recurrent rectal cancer
What should you ask your doctor about colorectal cancer?
Where is my cancer located?
Has my cancer spread beyond where it started?
What is the stage (extent) of my cancer and what does that mean in my case?
Are there other tests that need to be done before we can decide on treatment?
How much experience do you have treating this type of cancer?
Should I get a second opinion?
What treatment choices do I have?
What do you recommend and why?
What risks or side effects are there to the treatments you suggest? Are there things I can do to reduce these side effects?
What should I do to be ready for treatment?
How long will treatment last? What will it involve? Where will it be done?
How will treatment affect my daily activities?
What are the chances my cancer will recur (come back) with these treatment plans?
What would we do if the treatment doesn’t work or if the cancer recurs?
What type of follow-up might I need after treatment?
What happens after treatment for colorectal cancer?
Lifestyle changes to consider during and after treatment

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