The Economics of Compressed Natural Gas Sea Transport

CNG is the only feasible solution to bring this energy source to many markets. These findings suggest that many parts of the …

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The Economics of Compressed Natural Gas Sea Transport
Introduction, 1: Production volume versus distance to market framework for various, gas technologies, from Wood et al. 2008. Facilitating Technologies for CNG Sea Transport, 2: Schematic of a CNG vessel, from Sea NG Corp. 2008. 3: Schematic of a CNG vessel, from, Enersea Transport LLC, 2008. 4: Loading and offloading facilities for LNG and CNG, from XGAS, 2008. Economic Analysis of CNG and LNG Sea Transport Projects, Sakhalin Case Study, Background Information, 5: Sakhalin I, II and III projects, from EIA, 2008. 6: Sakhalin LNG proposed exportation routes, from Sakhalin, Energy Investment Company LTD, 2008. 7: Five potential transport routes for CNG and LNG projects, from South Sakhalin Island. 8: Capital costs allocation for CNG projects, from Wood, et al, 9: Capital costs allocation for LNG projects, from Wood, Results Discussion, 10: NPV\’s calculated for CNG and LNG transportation schemes from, South Sakhalin to Sapporo, Tokyo, Shanghai and Taipei. 11: Required number of CNG vessels for transportation schemes from, South Sakhalin to Sapporo, Tokyo, Shanghai, Seoul and Taipei. 12: NPV\’s calculated at different gas supply rate for CNG and LNG transportation at distance of 2,600 km. 13: NPV\’s calculated for CNG and LNG transportation schemes at 2 Bcm/yr, for greater distances. Sensitivity Study: The Impact of Gas Prices on the NPV Model for CNG and LNG, Table 2: Input values for LNG study. Table 1: Input values for CNG study. Gas Supply Needed, Bcm/yr, 1.5, Transit Distance, km, 1,500, 1,500, Sailing Speed, knots, Vessel Capacity, MMscf, 3,000, 150, Number of Vessels, Fuel Usage, LNG Thermal Efficiency, CapEx per vessel, $ 115,000,000, $ 150,000,000, CapEx Loading Facility, $ 50,000,000, CapEx Liquefaction Facility, $ 500,000,000, CapEx Offloading Facility, $ 25,000,000, CapEx Regasific. Facility, $ 400,000,000, Crew Daily Cost, $ 5,000, Utilities & Offsite, $ 80,000,000, Annual Maintenance, $ 15,000, OpEx Contingency, 10%, Insurance 0.8%, Project Life, yr, Insurance 1%, CPI 2.5%, Discount Rate, 15%, CPI 2.5%, Taxes, 35%, Taxes 35%, 14: Project breakeven points at given gas prices. Conclusions, Appendix 1: Cost Comparison of CNG and LNG Transportation, Acknowledgments, References

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