1988 Jeep Cherokee 4.0L CEC SYSTEM

4.0L CEC SYSTEM. 1988 Jeep Cherokee. 1988 COMPUTERIZED ENGINE Controls. ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM. JEEP 4.0L MPFI 6-CYLINDER. Cherokee, Comanche & Wagoneer …

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1988 COMPUTERIZED ENGINE Controls
ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM
JEEP 4.0L MPFI 6-CYLINDER

The 4.0L engine control system controls engine operation to
lower exhaust emissions while maintaining good fuel economy and
driveability. The system is designed to maintain a 14.7:1 air/fuel
ratio under all engine operating conditions. When the ideal air/fuel
ratio is maintained, the catalytic converter can control oxides of
nitrogen (NOx), hydrocarbon (HC), and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions.
The system consists of the following sub-systems: Fuel
Control, Data Sensors and Switches, Electronic Control Unit (ECU),
Diagnostics, Electronic Spark Advance, Idle Speed Control, Exhaust Gas
Recirculation, and Transmission Shift Light.

FUEL CONTROL
The fuel control system delivers fuel to the engine. Fuel
from the in-tank fuel pump flows to the fuel rail, injectors and
pressure regulator. The pressure regulator maintains fuel system
pressure at 31-39 psi (2.l-2.7 kg/cm
 
). Excess fuel is returned to the
tank by a fuel return line.
The fuel pump is energized through the fuel pump relay that
is located on the right inner fender panel in the engine compartment.
Battery voltage is provided through the ignition switch and is
energized when the ECU completes the ground path.
The fuel injectors are electrically operated solenoid valves.
The ECU determines injector pulse width (\”on/off\”) time based upon
engine operating conditions and delivers the proper pulse width to
maintain an air/fuel ratio of 14.7:l.
The ECU varies the amount of voltage applied to the injectors
to compensate for battery voltage changes. Battery voltage information
is provided to the ECU through the wiring harness. No sensor or switch
is required.
DATA SENSORS & SWITCHES
Each sensor and/or switch furnishes electronic impulses to
the ECM. Based on these input signals, the ECM computes spark timing
and air/fuel mixture for proper engine operation.
Coolant Temperature Sensor (CTS)
The CTS is located on the left side of the block, just below
exhaust manifold. The sensor provides coolant temperature information
to the ECU. Engine coolant temperature is used by the ECU for the
following functions:
* Enrich air/fuel mixture for cold engine starts.
* Control idle speed during warm-up.
* Increase spark advance during cold engine operation.
* Prevent EGR flow during cold engine operation.

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor
The MAP sensor measures changes in intake manifold pressure
resulting from engine load and speed changes. The MAP sensor is
located in the engine compartment, on the firewall behind the engine.
The ECU uses this information to control fuel delivery and ignition
timing.
Oxygen (O2) Sensor
The oxygen sensor is mounted in the exhaust manifold to
monitor oxygen content of exhaust gases. The oxygen content reacts
with the oxygen sensor to produce a voltage output signal which is
sent to the ECU.
The oxygen sensor is equipped with a heating element that
keeps the sensor at a consistent temperature under warm-up and idle
conditions. This allows the engine control system to enter \”closed
loop\” mode of operation much earlier, and to remain in \”closed loop\”
during extended idle periods.
The heating element of the sensor is controlled by the ECU
through the O2 sensor heater relay. This is a normally closed relay
that supplies voltage to the sensor under warm-up and idle conditions.
When the ECU receives information from the MAP and speed sensors
indicating that the sensor will stay heated due to exhaust gas
temperature, the ECU opens the relay to stop voltage to the heating
element

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