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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, National Institutes of Health, http://www.cancer.gov/, cancertopics/types/non-hodgkin, 1-800-4-CANCER, LiveHelp, http://www.cancer.gov/help, Lymph vessels, Lymph, Lymph nodes, Other parts of the lymphatic system, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Cells, Weakened immune system, Certain infections, Physical exam, Blood tests, Chest x-rays, Biopsy, Types of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Bone marrow biopsy, CT scan, Ultrasound, Spinal tap, PET scan, Stage I, Stage II, Stage III, Stage IV, Recurrent, Watchful Waiting, Chemotherapy, Blood cells, Cells in hair roots, Cells that line the digestive tract, Biological Therapy.
National Cancer Institute
What You Need To Know About
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health
About This Booklet 1 What Is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma? 2 Risk Factors 4 Symptoms 6 Diagnosis 6 Staging 9 Treatment 12 Second Opinion 22 Supportive Care 24 Nutrition and Physical Activity 24 Follow-up Care 25 Sources of Support 26 Taking Part in Cancer Research 28 Dictionary 30 National Cancer Institute Information Resources 45 National Cancer Institute Publications 46
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute
About This Booklet
This National Cancer Institute (NCI) booklet is about non-Hodgkin lymphoma,* a cancer that starts in the immune system. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is also called NHL. Each year, more than 63,000 Americans learn they have non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This booklet is only about non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is not about Hodgkin lymphoma (also called Hodgkin disease). People with Hodgkin lymphoma have different treatment options. Instead of this booklet, they may want to read What You Need To Know AboutTM Hodgkin Lymphoma. Page 46 tells how to get NCI booklets.
This booklet tells about diagnosis, treatment, and supportive care. Learning about the medical care for people with lymphoma can help you take an active part in making choices about your own care. This booklet has lists of questions to ask your doctor. Many people find it helpful to take a list of questions to a doctor visit. To help remember what your doctor says, you can take notes or ask whether you may use a tape recorder. You may also want to have a family member or friend go with you when you talk with the doctor–to take part in the discussion, to take notes, or just to listen.
What Is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer that begins in cells of the immune system. The immune system fights infections and other diseases. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. The lymphatic system includes the following: * Lymph vessels: The lymphatic system has a network of lymph vessels. Lymph vessels branch into all the tissues of the body. * Lymph: The lymph vessels carry clear fluid called lymph. Lymph contains white blood cells, especially lymphocytes such as B cells and T cells. * Lymph nodes: Lymph vessels are connected to small, round masses of tissue called lymph nodes. Groups of lymph nodes are found in the neck, underarms, chest, abdomen, and groin. Lymph nodes store white blood cells. They trap and remove bacteria or other harmful substances that may be in the lymph. * Other parts of the lymphatic system: Other parts of the lymphatic system include the tonsils, thymus, and spleen. Lymphatic tissue is also found in other parts of the body including the stomach, skin, and small intestine.
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